Value Logic

Addendum IV - When are wrongs and badness justified?

          Wrongs and badness abound in human affairs. People break rules, damage property, and hurt and kill each other. Are wrongs and badness ever justified? Attempts to justify wrongs and badness is a common occurrence in everyday life and in the affairs of state. Our criminal justice system is based on this phenomenon. Wrongs or badness can be justified when they are deemed to produce some kind of good. We intuitively make these value judgments all the time--but sometimes our intuition produces unethical outcomes. By applying Value Logic as we make ethical determinations in complex situations we can learn to analyze and evaluate our intuitive responses. Recall that:

          In Value Logic redressing wrongs is called transposing transpositions. This reverses (negates) the transposition and is done either (a) by disvaluing the original transposition; or  (b) by overcoming it. This is analogous to the way that, in arithmetic, a positive value is produced from a negative value either (a) by subtracting another negative value (-2 subtracted from -1 equals +1) or;  (b) by adding a larger positive value (-1 +2 equals +1). Some examples of transposing a transposition are given below.

          Redressing wrongs and badness is the right thing to do when:

          Here are some more examples to illustrate the Value Logic approach:

          Determining when - if ever - wrongs and badness are justified is a three step process as follows:


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